Heart Valve Disease Treatment in Delhi

Heart has four chambers: two atria (upper chambers) and two ventricles (lower chambers) (lower chambers). As blood leaves each chamber of the heart, it passes through a valve. The valves prevent blood from flowing backward. They function as one-way blood inlets on one side of a ventricle and one-way blood outlets on the other. These are the four heart valves:

  • The Tricuspid Valve This chamber is located between the right atrium and the right ventricle.
  • Pneumatic Valve The pulmonary artery connects the right ventricle to the pulmonary artery.
  • The Mitral Valve. This chamber is located between the left atrium and the left ventricle.
  • The Mitral Valve. This chamber is located between the left atrium and the left ventricle.

Mitral Valve. This chamber is located between the left atrium and the left ventricle. The Mitral Valve. This chamber is located between the left atrium and the left ventricle. Best Doctors for Heart Valves Treatment in Delhi

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How do the heart valves work?

  • The valves open and close as the heart muscle contracts and relaxes, allowing blood to flow into the ventricles and out to the body at different times. The flow of blood through the heart is explained in detail below.
  • When the left and right atriums are filled with blood, they contract. This opens the mitral and tricuspid valves. After that, blood is pumped into the ventricles.
  • The ventricles, both left and right, relax. The aortic and pulmonic valves close, preventing blood from flowing backward into the heart. The mitral and tricuspid valves then open, allowing forward blood flow within the heart to replenish the ventricles.
What exactly is heart valve disease?

Heart valve disorders can result from two types of issues:

Regurgitation (or leakage of the valve) (or leakage of the valve). When the valve(s) do not fully close, blood flows backward through the valve. This reduces forward blood flow and can result in heart volume overload.

Heart valves can suffer from both regurgitation and stenosis. Furthermore, multiple heart valves can be affected at the same time. When heart valves fail to open and close properly, the consequences for the heart can be severe, potentially impairing the heart's ability to pump enough blood throughout the body. One cause of heart failure is a problem with the heart valves.

What are the symptoms of a heart valve issue?

Mild to moderate heart valve disease may be asymptomatic. The following are the most common signs of heart valve disease

  • Chest ache
  • Palpitations caused by irregular heartbeats
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Depending on which valve disease is present, blood pressure can be low or high.
  • Breathing difficulty
What is the cause of heart valve damage?

The following are possible causes of heart valve damage, depending on the type of disease present:

  • Aging-related changes in the structure of the heart valves
  • Heart attack and coronary artery disease
  • Infection of the heart valve
  • Birth flaw
  • Syphilis (a sexually-transmitted infection)
  • Degeneration of the myxoma

What are the symptoms of heart valve disease?

If your heart sounds are abnormal, your doctor may suspect that you have heart valve disease. This is usually the first step in determining the presence of a heart valve disease. A distinctive heart murmur (abnormal sounds in the heart caused by turbulent blood flow across the valve) can frequently indicate valve regurgitation or stenosis. Doctors may use any of the following tests to further define the type of valve disease and the extent of valve damage:

  • Electrocardiogram (ECG). A test that records the electrical activity of the heart and detects abnormal rhythms (arrhythmias) as well as heart muscle damage.
  • Echocardiogram (ECHO). This noninvasive test evaluates the heart's chambers and valves using sound waves. As an ultrasound transducer is passed over the heart, the echo sound waves create an image on a monitor This is the most precise method of determining heart valve function

What are the options for treating heart valve disease?

In some cases, your doctor may simply want to keep an eye on the heart valve problem for a while. Other options, however, include medicine or surgery to repair or replace the valve. Depending on the type of heart valve disease, treatment may include:

Medicine. Although there is no cure for heart valve disease, medications can often relieve symptoms.

These medications could include:

  • Beta-blockers, digoxin, and calcium channel blockers are used to treat heart valve disease symptoms by controlling heart rate and preventing abnormal heart rhythms
  • Medications to control blood pressure, such as diuretics (which remove excess water from the body by increasing urine output) or vasodilators (which relax the blood vessels, reducing the force against which the heart must pump).
  • Surgery. Surgery may be required to repair or replace the faulty valve (s). Surgical procedures may include:
  • Heart valve replacement. Surgery on the malfunctioning valve can help relieve symptoms in some cases. Remodeling abnormal valve tissue so that the valve works properly is one example of heart valve repair surgery, as is inserting prosthetic rings to help narrow a dilated valve. Because a person's own tissues are used, heart valve repair is often preferred.

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