Dr. Vivek Kumar is the pioneer Balloon Mitral Valvuloplasty Doctor in Delhi and provides the latest Balloon Mitral Valvotomy Treatment in South Delhi NCR.

What is Balloon Valvuloplasty?

Some of the valves in the heart that prevent blood from flowing backward into the heart or only in one direction are the Tricuspid, Pulmonary, Aortic, and Mitral valves. Calcium buildup or other events can occur in them as a result of our lifestyle, causing them to narrow and obstruct blood flow. The medical term for this condition is stenosis, which causes the heart to work harder to pump enough blood to meet the body's needs. Valvuloplasty, a minimally invasive procedure, is used to return them to their original shape.

balloon mitral valvotomy treatment

What is a balloon valvotomy or valvuloplasty?

A valvuloplasty is a short, slender, hollow tube that is inserted into the groyne arteries and travels through the aorta to the heart. When the tube reaches the stiff or narrow valve, a balloon attached to the catheter's tip inflates, causing the valve flaps to open. After the valve was opened, the balloon deflated, and the catheter was removed.

Dr. Vivek Kumar is the best Balloon Valvotomy doctor in Delhi NCR, working at one of the best Balloon Valvotomy Hospitals in New Delhi - Apollo Hospital, and is capable of handling even the most difficult cases.

Heart valve disease symptoms include the following:

  • Trouble breathing
  • Palpitations
  • Chest pain
  • Dizziness
  • Foot, ankle, or abdominal edoema
  • Rapid weight gain due to fluid retention
  • This 30-60 minute procedure allows patients to undergo open heart surgery and is usually followed by a 1-2 day hospital stay.

Causes of Valve Stenosis

  • When calcium deposits in the aortic valve, it thickens and hardens the valves, and symptoms usually appear after the age of 65.
  • Rheumatic fever or endocarditis damages the valve.
  • Balloon Valvuloplasty Indications
  • Balloon Valvuloplasty is effective for young adults and children with congenital heart disease in the valves.
  • Also effective in pregnant women who develop Valvular stenosis and cannot undergo surgery.
  • When the patient is too ill for surgery, an alternative procedure is used.

Diagnostic test for detection

  • ECG
  • ECHO
  • X-RAY

Before Procedure

  • The patient's complete medical history is obtained.
  • The complete procedure will be explained.
  • Any medication allergy must be reported to the team.
  • Overnight fasting is required before the procedure.
  • To be safe, doctors may advise discontinuing a few medications.
  • One day before checking all vital health indicators, regular tests will be performed.

During Procedure

  • The entire procedure takes approximately 1-2 hours.
  • An IV line has been attached, and all vital signs will be monitored throughout the procedure.
  • To make you more comfortable, local anaesthesia will be administered.
  • An introducer is inserted through your arm or groyne area at the discretion of the physician.
  • Then the catheter was introduced into the place and dye is injected into the desired region.
  • When the tube reaches the desired valve, a balloon at the end of the catheter is inflated, causing the valve to widen and allow more blood to pass through.
  • The balloon is then deflated, and the catheter is removed.
  • The tight bandage is applied to the arm or groyne area where the catheter was inserted.

After Procedure

  • You will be moved to the recovery room for further evaluation.
  • Bed rest of 4—6 hours is required.
  • Pain or anti-stress medications may be given.
  • Following the procedure, a normal diet will be resumed.
  • The insertion site must be checked and cleaned on a regular basis until the bandage is removed.
  • You will be discharged the same day or, at most, the next day after the procedure.
  • To reduce major complications, it is necessary to change your lifestyle after the procedure.
  • To control blood pressure, a heart-healthy diet and a reduction in sodium intake are required.
  • Avoid alcohol consumption and quit Smoking
  • You must maintain a healthy weight and a physically active lifestyle.
  • Maintain regular contact with your doctor.

Complications of Valvuloplasty include:

  • Pain, swelling tenderness at the catheter site
  • Bleeding
  • Valve damage necessitates immediate valve replacement.
  • Blood clot or blood vessel damage at the insertion site
  • Abnormal heart rhythms
  • Stroke
  • New or worsening valve regurgitation