Is Angioplasty (PTCA) a Safe Surgery?
What exactly is an Angioplasty?
An angioplasty is a surgical procedure that opens the blood vessels that feed the heart muscle These blood vessels are also known as coronary arteries. Doctors frequently perform this procedure immediately following a heart attack.
Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) or Percutaneous Coronary
Intervention are other names for the procedure. Following an angioplasty, doctors frequently place a coronary artery stent. The stent maintains blood flow and keeps the artery from narrowing again.
According to Best Cardiologist in Delhi – An angioplasty performed within the first few hours of a heart attack may reduce your risk of complications. Timing is everything. The sooner you get treatment for a heart attack, the less likely you are to develop heart failure, other complications, and die.
What is the procedure for angioplasty?
Doctors usually perform this procedure while you are sedated. They begin by making an incision in your arm or groin artery. The catheter with a tiny inflatable balloon on the end is then inserted into your artery. Your doctor will guide the catheter up into the blocked coronary artery using X-ray, video, and special dyes. The balloon is inflated once it is in place to widen the artery. The fatty deposits, or plaque, are pushed against the artery wall. This makes room for blood flow.
Medical procedures such as angioplasty and heart bypass surgery are used to treat clogged or blocked arteries. Arteries are blood vessels that transport oxygen-rich blood throughout our bodies, from the brain to the toes.
Arteries can become clogged over time due to the buildup of a substance called plaque on their inner walls. As a result, blood flow to the body is reduced and, in some cases, completely blocked. This can result in conditions such as strokes and heart attacks.
What exactly is bypass surgery?
During bypass surgery, surgeons take a section of a healthy blood vessel from the individual’s chest wall or lower leg and attach it above and below the blocked artery to restore blood flow. As a result, blood flows to the heart around the blocked portion of the blood vessel.
Choosing the Best Option for You
According to Best Coronary Angioplasty Doctors in New Delhi When deciding which procedure is best for a patient’s condition, doctors will consider factors such as the severity and extent of coronary artery disease, symptoms (such as chest pain and shortness of breath), overall heart function and health of the patient, patient history, the presence of other medical conditions (such as diabetes or a prior stroke or heart attack), and the patient’s personal preference.
In cases where the patient’s arteries are blocked in multiple places or their left main coronary artery is narrowed, bypass surgery is generally considered the better option. However, very elderly and frail patients are not good candidates for bypass surgery because the procedure can be too taxing on their bodies.
What are the advantages of angioplasty following a heart attack?
Angioplasty for heart attack treatment saves lives, according to the Best Heart Doctor in South Delhi. It’s a quick way to get blood flowing to the heart again. The sooner your doctor restores your blood supply, the less damage your heart muscle will sustain. Angioplasty also relieves chest pain and may prevent shortness of breath and other heart attack symptoms.
What are the dangers?
As per the Heart specialist in Delhi Every medical procedure carries some level of risk. As with many other types of invasive procedures, you may experience an allergic reaction to the anesthetic, dye, or some of the materials used in the angioplasty. Other dangers of coronary angioplasty include:
- Bleeding, clotting, or bruising at the site of insertion scar tissue or blood clots forming in the stent arrhythmia or irregular heartbeat damage to a blood vessel, heart valve, or artery a heart attack
- kidney damage, particularly in people who already have kidney problems an infection
Following the procedure
Following a heart attack, your doctor will advise you on how to live a heart-healthy lifestyle
ake your medications exactly as your doctor has instructed. If you smoke, this is the time to quit.A well-balanced diet and regular exercise may help lower your blood pressure and cholesterol levels. A healthy lifestyle can also lower your risk of having another heart attack.