Who is Cardiologist? Why do I need them?
Cardiologists are doctors who have received additional education and training in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of heart conditions. They know everything there is to know about the heart muscle and the arteries and veins that carry blood.
Primary care physicians see a wide range of illnesses throughout the day, whereas cardiologists specialize in heart problems. They’re the right choice if you want to reduce your risk of heart disease or if you’ve been diagnosed with heart disease.
Cardiologists are of various types
Cardiology encompasses a wide range of specialties. The following are some of the most common kinds of cardiologists.
- A general cardiologist or Non Invasive Cardiologist is a doctor who manages the care of adults with heart disease.
- Congenital cardiologist: A doctor who treats heart conditions that develops during childhood or at birth.
- Heart attack or Heart Failure: A cardiologist is a doctor who specializes in treating patients with heart failure.
- Interventional cardiologist: A physician who performs non-surgical procedures to repair damaged or weakened arteries, veins, and other heart-related structures.
- Electrophysiologist : A physician who specializes in the electrical system of the heart and treats irregular heart rhythms.
- Cardiovascular surgeon: A highly trained surgeon who performs heart and chest surgery.
Many people begin their search for a cardiologist with their primary care physician. If you visit the doctor with certain symptoms or if you have a family history of heart disease, your doctor may perform tests to rule out heart disease.
Why I Need a Cardiologist ?
If the results of these tests indicate that you have heart disease, your primary care physician will almost certainly refer you to a cardiologist. If you have any of the following symptoms, you should consult a cardiologist:
- High cholesterol levels
- Blood pressure is high.
- Family members suffering from heart disease
- You have a smoking history or you currently smoke
You can also seek the services of a cardiologist if you had a heart problem in the past but no longer do, such as during childhood or pregnancy. Both of these past issues may increase your chances of developing another heart problem in the future.
When Visiting first time to a Cardiologist
After you’ve decided to consult a cardiologist, Best Heart Doctor in Apollo Hospital Delhi suggest you’ll need to get ready for your first appointment. Below Mentioned are a few things you need Hands on while consulting:
- Make a record of your personal health history as well as the health history of your family.
- Make a list of the medications you’re taking and any recent heart test results.
- Prepare a list of questions for your cardiologist.
- When you visit your cardiologist, he or she may run some tests or refer you to another specialist for a test or treatment.
- You may have to collaborate with other medical professionals to manage your condition.
How the Cardiologist detects whether I have any Cardiac Problem or Not?
After a thorough examination and knowing about the history of the patient and his family a cardiologist may advise some tests like –
They may also perform or order the following tests:
- The electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) is a test that measures the electrical activity of the heart.
- Ambulatory ECG: This records heart rhythms while the person is exercising or going about their daily activities. Small metal electrodes are applied to the chest and wired to a Holter monitor, which records the rhythms.
- An exercise test, also known as a stress test, measures changes in heart rhythm while resting and exercising. It assesses the heart’s performance and limitations.
- Echocardiogram: This provides an ultrasound image of the structure of the heart chambers and surrounding areas, as well as information about how well the heart is working.
- Echocardiography can measure cardiac output, or how well the heart pumps blood.
- Cardiac catheterization involves inserting a small tube into or near the heart to collect data and possibly relieve a blockage. It can take pictures and test the heart’s and electrical system’s functionality. Catheter-based fluoroscopic techniques can be used to treat congenital cardiac, valvular, and coronary artery diseases.
- Nuclear cardiology: noninvasive nuclear imaging techniques use radioactive materials to study cardiovascular disorders and diseases.
Other tests if required are Infarction imaging, single-photon-emission computed tomography (SPECT), planar imaging, and myocardial perfusion imaging to rule out or confirm the condition of the heart.
As per the Heart Specialist in Delhi - A cardiologist can perform tests to determine whether you have a heart murmur or an abnormal heart rhythm.
As advised by the best cardiologist in delhi . Patients who have had a heart attack, heart failure, or other heart problems are frequently treated. They assist in the decision-making process for heart surgery, heart catheterization, angioplasty, and stenting.
What Kind of Conditions a Cardiologist can Treat?
A best cardiologist can help you in the treatment of following:
- Atrial fibrillation and atherosclerosis
- Heart defect at birth
- Coronary artery disease
- Congestive heart failure
- High levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood
- Ventricular tachycardia pericarditis
- Hypertension (high blood pressure)
A cardiologist is a right person to advise you on how to avoid heart disease.
Even if there are no symptoms, a person should see a cardiologist if they have a family history of heart disease or high cholesterol, are or have been a smoker, have diabetes, or are starting a new exercise program.